AEMC rule and law changes for embedded networks

AEMC rule and law changes for embedded networks

AU Energy Compliance

As noted in previous posts the Australian Energy Markets Commission (AEMC) is working on rule and law changes for the regulation of embedded networks.

We now have a new draft timeline- as provided by the AEMC today and set out below:

On the draft report, submissions were received from the Australian Energy Regulator (AER), the Public Interest Advocacy Centre (PIAC), and retailers among others. The AER requested that the AEMC consider retaining individual exemptions as part of the retail framework to ensure that there remains flexibility in the regulation of embedded networks. Retailers were, unsurprisingly, supportive of measures to ensure that customers within embedded networks had power of choice.

Individual exemptions

In retaining individual exemptions, the AEMC proposes to restrict the power of the AER to specify varying conditions on off-market retailers- ensuring that the flexibility is within the individual exemption category and not within the retail authorisation category.

The AEMC is proposing that there be a public consultation process for individual exemption applications whereby anyone can lodge a submission and the AER can make an assessment on the basis of the consumer impact and cost of the proposed selling activity.


Above you will see that there is a new timeline for the implementation of the rule and law changes. This process includes rule and law changes passing the SA parliament and AEMO system changes.

In terms of transition, the AEMC proposes to review the size and establishment date (the meaning of which is unclear) in determining when an embedded network needs to transition to the new framework.

The proposed timelines are set out below and you will note that the 2013 date relates to the implementation of new metering requirements- on the assumption that meters installed since are compliant.


If you have any questions on the above please get in touch.

What will happen to ‘legacy embedded networks’ under the AEMC’s proposed rule and law changes

What will happen to ‘legacy embedded networks’ under the AEMC’s proposed rule and law changes

AU Energy Compliance

Tomorrow the Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC) will hold a stakeholder forum to examine the question of what will happen to ‘legacy embedded networks’ under the AEMC’s proposed rule and law changes. Below we discuss this question.

By Connor James, Compliance Quarter.

In January the AEMC released its draft report Updating the regulatory frameworks for embedded networks. The report set out proposed amendments to the national energy laws and rules to establish a new regulatory regime to improve consumer protections and access to retail market competition for embedded network customers. We have discussed the report in previous posts.

The headline items included the establishment of a new ‘type’ or retailer holding an off-market retail authorisation and the abolition of the majority of exemptions meaning that all ‘new’ embedded networks would need to be supplied by an off or on market authorisation holder. A new Embedded Network Service Provider (ENSP) role will be established and that party must register with AEMO and be subject to many of the existing regulatory requirements placed on DNSPs.

The remaining question was what is to happen with ‘legacy’ embedded networks.

Options for Transition

The language of the AEMC has gradually changed from being open to the possibility of allowing existing exemptions to a focus on transition. Transition means that a number of existing embedded networks will need to be supplied by an authorised retailer at some point. There are estimated to be between 700,000 -900,000 customers within these embedded networks, so the transition is important not only for suppliers but also for consumers.

The AEMC is now considering retaining ‘individual exemptions’ for those selling arrangements which meet a set of consumer interest and competition based principles and factors. This makes sense from the point of view of ensuring that the regulatory framework retains flexibility; particularly as we see more and more innovation in the space.

Deemed exemptions will not be transitioned to the new arrangement. These allow, for example, the sale of energy between related entities.

Transition Triggers

The AEMC recognises that ‘Existing EN are quite diverse and will have their own unique situation and characteristics. The transition framework needs to recognise this while keeping the arrangements simple and practical.

It is proposed to use two types of triggers for transition:

• Time based; and
• Size based (number of customers).

This means the size of an embedded network and the dates specified by the AEMC will determine when embedded networks need to transition to the new framework. From an operator point of view, this simply means that they will have time to come into compliance by either obtaining an off-market retail authorisation or by divesting of their embedded network operations- which creates its own issues.

We will provide updates to our clients tomorrow on the proposed transition timelines and new implementation timeline.

If you have any questions on the above, please contact me via email to

Embedded Networks Framework Update – Further Questions

Embedded Networks Framework Update – Further Questions

AU Energy Compliance

Following our webinar on the topic last week (which you can watch at, we had a range of questions. As those questions will be of interest to a wide range of people, we offer our responses here.

By Dr Drew Donnelly, Compliance Quarter. 

All references are to AEMC’s draft report ‘Updating the regulatory frameworks for embedded networks’ available at We encourage you to make submissions on this report soon as they close on 14 March.

  1. Can the embedded network owner or operator pass on the costs of appointing the Embedded Network Service Provider (ENSP) and the Off-Market Retailer?

The proposed new framework will require the entities which own and operate new embedded networks to register with the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) as an ENSP and as an authorised Off-Market Retailer.  In certain circumstances an intermediary or third party will be able to provide these services in place of the owner or operator of the embedded network. There is no proposed regulation as to how these costs may be passed on and to whom (p57).

  1. Will all ‘new’ embedded networks have to be built with market facing meters, in all sites, already installed for customers to go ‘on market’ if they so desire?

Yes. New embedded networks, that are requited to appoint an ENSP, will be required to have National Electricity Market (NEM) compliant metering as well as comply with Chapter 7 of the National Electricity Rules (p60).

The off-market retailer for that embedded network will be required to appoint a Metering Coordinator who in turn appoints a Metering Provider who will be responsible for the actual installation of NEM-complaint metering.

  1. Can the cost of a new metering installation be passed on to the customer?

For new embedded networks, who will be required to install NEM-compliant metering (i.e. smart meters), the existing rules in relation to updating a metering installation will apply. The retailer will be able to pass on the cost of a new meter to the customer in a variety of ways including a lump sum, a monthly fee or incorporating the cost of providing new meters to customers as part of the electricity usage charges. For more information see

For legacy embedded networks, if they are transitioned to the new framework (which is yet to be determined), the metering will need to be NEM-compliant, if it is not already. There is no mention yet of whether there will be any restriction in passing on the cost of upgrade to customers.

  1. Is the creation of a child NMI the job of the newly created ENSP?

In embedded networks that are required to appoint an ENSP, then it will be the responsibility of the ENSP to create the child National Metering Identifier (NMI) through an ‘MSATs Change Request’ – the name for the AEMO’s market interface system.

  1. Who decides who will be the ‘local embedded network retailer’? 

Under the new framework, for a new embedded network, in its registration as an ENSP, the ENSP will be required to nominate an off-market retailer as the ‘local embedded network retailer’. The consent of that retailer will be required before doing so (p40).

  1. What about small to medium-sized businesses versus large enterprises? Will the rules be the same?

The proposed new requirements for registration as an ENSP and as an off-market retailer would apply equally to a small business or medium-sized business as to a larger businesses. However, the AEMC does point out that its proposal:

“grants the AER discretion in relieving an applicant from some conditions, which substitutes for the current individual exemption regime. The Commission considers that the AER may, for example, determine to exempt some NEM retailers or off-market retailers from a sub-set of obligations based on their customer type or size.” (p54).

  1. Under the new embedded network regulatory environment where there would be a requirement for a ‘legacy’ exempt retailer to become registered as on Off Market retailer, will there be a requirement for legacy customers to provide explicit informed consent (EIC) to transition to the new entity?

The AEMC have not yet come to a recommendation on this. While there is a proposal in the new framework that EIC will be required before transfer from an exempt seller to an authorised retailer (p57), at the time of the commencement of the new framework it is likely that legacy embedded networks that require authorisation, will already be authorised

The Updated Framework for Embedded Networks

The Updated Framework for Embedded Networks

AU Energy Compliance

On 31 January 2019, the Australian Energy Market Commission (‘AEMC’) released its draft report on its project labelled ‘Updating the regulatory frameworks for embedded networks’ (‘Report’). In total, the Report exceeded 1000 pages and included specific suggestions for amendments to the National Electricity Law (‘NEL’) and National Energy Retail Law (‘NERL’), as well as draft changes to the National Electricity Rules (‘NER’) and National Energy Retail Rules (‘NERR’) to complement the proposed legislative amendments.

By Alex Silcock, Compliance Quarter. 

The Report is the first practical step taken by the AEMC to update the regulatory framework for embedded networks since the review undertaken for COAG in 2017. The report confirms details of previously discussed legislative changes, gives an estimated timeframe for their implementation and provides opportunities for submissions by stakeholders. These details should be carefully considered by businesses involved in embedded networks, not only in relation to regulatory compliance, but also in a strategic context.


The AEMC helpfully released an infographic with the anticipated timeframe for the implementation of the changes which can be accessed here:

The consultation, rule-making and recommendation process will take place in the first half of 2019, with a view to submitting the draft legislation to the South Australian Parliament later in the year. It is likely that the updated framework will come into effect during 2020.

The updated framework will have legal and compliance ramifications for all stakeholders, but will impact businesses differently according to how they currently conduct their operations. All embedded network operators have been put on notice and have sufficient lead-in period to make strategic and operational decisions as well as updates to their compliance programs.

Proposed Legislative Changes

The recommended changes are driven by the AEMC’s finding that ‘customers in embedded networks should … be provided the same protections, access to retail market competition and regulatory oversight as standard supply customers’. The tenor of the Report is that most of the recommendations in the 2017 report will be implemented. The changes will centre on:

  • the registration and exemption framework;
  • market and system integration;
  • network billing;
  • connection and network charging;
  • consumer protections; and
  • monitoring and compliance.

While the central themes remain, the suggested changes to the text of the regulatory instruments are different than initially conceived. The broad rule change recommendations at the review stage contained less changes to the NERL and the NEL, and focused on amendments to the Rules that sit underneath them. The Report suggests numerous changes to the legislation itself and fewer rule changes than first contemplated. The draft package set out in the Report is preferable to the previous suggestions. While the rules allow for flexibility and swift adaptation which is important in an innovative sector, embedded networks have become so fundamental to our supply system that it seems absurd not to address the mere concept of an embedded network in the NERL.

Finally, the amendments will predominately only apply to new embedded networks. However, some changes will apply to legacy embedded networks as well and the AEMC flagged that there is a possibility of legacy networks being gradually transitioned over to the new framework overtime.

Summary of Impact on Authorised Retailers

The draft report is welcome for most authorised retailers who on-sell in embedded networks. Currently, many of these retailers’ obligations are unclear, or highly impractical or impossible to follow. The changes include the addition of a definition for ‘off-market’ retailer, extending the definition of designated retailer to apply to authorised on-sellers and permitted alterations to the model terms. This will provide much needed clarity for these retailers and places them in an advantageous position as compared to their on-selling counterparts that currently operate under exemptions. Nevertheless, authorised on-sellers will still need to make certain adjustments to their compliance programs, particularly in relation to the network component of their businesses.

We will be sending a detailed update on the effect of the Report for our retainer clients who are authorised retailers. We will also provide the more detailed update for a fee on request.

Summary of Impact on Legacy Embedded Networks

The Report focused primarily on the framework for new embedded network. Nevertheless, it provided some suggested changes to the framework for existing embedded networks and also presented some questions for consideration by stakeholders and invited submissions on this issue.

The primary changes for existing embedded networks include greater compliance and enforcement powers by the AER, an expansion of the Embedded Network Manager role to encompass billing functions, the registration of child connection points and making it easier for exemption holders to surrender their exemptions.

Before the framework for legacy embedded networks is properly developed the AEMC has asked for feedback from stakeholders on the following issues:

  • the costs and benefits of transitioning legacy embedded networks to the new framework;
  • appropriate criteria for determining which legacy embedded networks should transition to the new framework;
  • potential impediments to legacy embedded networks transitioning to the new framework;
  • the appropriate timeframes for transitioning legacy embedded networks.

We will be sending a detailed update on the effect of the Report for our retainer clients who are exempt sellers and network service providers. We will also provide the more detailed update for a fee on request.


The updated framework will impact exempt and authorised on-sellers, exempt embedded network service providers and Embedded Network Managers. Business involved in any of the above activities should consider making submissions to the AEMC on the proposed changes and start to prepare for the updated framework from a strategic, operational and compliance standpoint. Please contact us if you would like a detailed outline of how the changes will impact your business, or would like assistance in drafting a submission to the AEMC.

EWON Consultation Review

EWON Consultation Review

AU Energy Compliance

EWON Consultation Review – Under the new Retail Exemption Guidelines and Network Exemption Guidelines – from July 2018 – All AER exemption holders operating in NSW will be required to hold an EWON membership. Previously, membership was only a requirement for authorised retailers or networks. The anticipated changes will increase EWON membership from 56 to approximately 400. This will affect EWON’s own governance and operations as well as having a significant impact on exemption holders. On 15 March 2018, EWON – in association with KPMG – held a forum outlining the proposed changes to EWON’s structure to facilitate the transition. The significant changes will have an impact on four spheres of EWON’s operations.

By Alex Silcock, Compliance Quarter.
EWON Consultation Review
Photo by Thomas Kelley on Unsplash

Membership model:

EWON will be retaining its current membership model. That is one membership per legal entity, NOT one membership per licence. Therefore, from July 2018, every legal entity holding an authorisation or an exemption must become a member. If that legal entity holds multiple licences or exemptions, it cannot register for multiple memberships. However, corporate groups that consist of multiple companies, must obtain a membership for each legal entity that holds an exemption and/ or licence.

While each exempt entity must become a member, EWON has indicated that it will not be necessary for each individual member to engage directly with the Ombudsman. Rather, exemption holders may enter into formal arrangements with third party intermediaries which will allow the third party to liaise with EWON and undertake training and compliance activities on their behalf.

Funding model:

EWON’s funding is drawn primarily from fees paid by its members and is made up of three elements. A one-off joining fee, an annual fixed fee and casework fees. The joining fee and annual fixed fee will both be scaled according to customer numbers in response to the proposed exemption guidelines. However, in what will come as a concern for exemption holders – traditionally smaller operators – EWON intends to retain the current casework fees model. Under the casework model, fees will vary for each member. A member’s casework fee will be determined by how many customer complaints the Ombudsman receives in relation to that member and the extent to which these complaints are escalated. A more detailed breakdown of the EWON casework fees was made available to those who attended our recent Embedded Networks Regulatory Update Webinar.

Voting Rights:

EWON is also reviewing the voting rights provisions in its constitution. The current model is simply ‘one member one vote’. This is no longer seen as appropriate, given that it is anticipated that the current membership base will increase from 56 to approximately 400 with the addition of exemption holders. Due to perceived concern surrounding exemption holders holding too great of an influence under the current system, EWON is seeking submissions on proposed changes to voting rights. The proposed alternatives to the current model are: 1) one vote per dollar of fixed annual fees; or 2) one vote per customer. Both of these proposed methods will favour larger EWON members and exemption holders are encouraged to make submissions on this issue if they have an alternative suggestion regarding voting rights.

Board Composition:    

One of the foremost issues on which members vote, is the composition of the EWON board. Currently, all directors are chosen by EWON members through a nomination and voting process. EWON appears to be favouring a shift to a more structured, industry orientated board, made up of two directors from the energy retail industry, one director from the energy network sector and one director from the water industry. However, the details of the actual selection process have not been determined at this stage. There is no suggestion that EWON is contemplating reserving a board position for a representative of exemption holders or Embedded Networks.


The proposed changes in the four major areas outlined above, will impact existing and new EWON members. Smaller exempt entities in particular, will need to be cognisant of the component of their membership fee which will be determined on a variable basis. The potential to be liable for significant membership fees as a result of customer complaints, should be an incentive for all networks, retailers and exemption holders to ensure that they have effective complaints and disputes resolution mechanisms in place.

To help exempt entities to deal with the transition to membership, EWON intends to establish an Operational Exempt Entities Advisory Group to act as a conduit to the board and ensure that the concerns of EWON’s newest and smallest members are understood. Concerned parties should seek to join.

Misconceptions in Embedded Networks: Beware Common Errors

AU Energy Compliance

Last Friday we ran a free webinar on the common misconceptions in embedded networks for exempt and authorised retailers.

You can view our webinar for free by submitting the form below.

For further reading and recent analysis on embedded networks click here.

Misconceptions in Embedded Networks
Photo by Jez Timms on Unsplash
Your Name

Please note that by submitting your details you confirm your consent to be contacted by Compliance Quarter Pty Ltd via email. We will enquire as to your interest in this topic and send you email updates on this topic. You may opt out at any time that we send you an email by replying STOP.

New Metering Coordinator requirements and Exempt Selling Guideline are in force

New Metering Coordinator requirements and Exempt Selling Guideline are in force

AU Energy Compliance

This is a quick update on the Australian Energy Regulator’s recent announcements regarding Metering Coordinator requirements and the revised Exempt Selling Guideline.

By Dr Drew Donnelly, Compliance Quarter.
Metering Coordinator requirements
Photo by Aaron Burden on Unsplash

Metering Coordinator Rule Change

In line with the ‘Power of Choice’ rule changes, metering contestability was introduced to the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and South Australia on 1 December 2017.As part of this rule change, Financially Responsible Market Participants (usually market retailers) were required to appoint a Metering Coordinator for all of their connection points by 1 December 2017. Large customers have the option of appointing their own Metering Coordinator.

Why the change?

Before this rule change, it was generally only the Local Network Service Provider that had the responsibility for metering services for small customers. This restricted competition and reduced incentives for innovation and investment in metering services.[1] Such innovation is particularly important in light of the way smart meter functions can be used to increase usage and cost transparency for customers.

What’s happening now?

The Australian Energy Regulator (AER) will be requesting compliance reports from the Australian Energy Market Operator(AEMO) checking that there has been full compliance by 30 March 2018 (see AER will consider action against any market retailer that has not complied by that date.

Exempt Selling Guideline

On 16 March the AER released its revised Retail Exempt Selling Guideline which came in to effect on the date of publication (see

While the latest Guideline contains several changes, the most significant is the new requirement that those who sell or supply energy under an exemption to residential customers must be members of, or subject to, an ombudsman scheme, where the scheme allows them to do so.

For more information about this requirement see

Ask us a question or book some time to speak with us by clicking here.


[1] For more information see Final Rule Determination National Electricity Amendment (Expanding competition in metering and related services) Rule 2015, pii.

Webinar Recording Energy Updates: AEMC taking the axe to Embedded Network Exemptions

AU Energy Compliance

If implemented, the AEMC recommendations will effectively take an axe to the existing regulation of embedded networks – embedded network exemptions – redefining a sector of the energy market that is growing in importance. The changes discussed in this webinar are focused on NECF jurisdictions (NSW, QLD, SA, ACT and TAS). In a webinar to follow we will consider similarly significant changes to be implemented in Victoria following the gazettal of a new section 17 order.

embedded network exemptions

View our webinar here.

Hosted by Connor James and Anne Wardell


The presentation will run for 25 minutes then we will have a Q & A for 10 minutes after.

What is an Embedded Network?

• Embedded networks are private electricity networks connected to the distribution and transmission system of the national electricity market through a parent connection point (gate meter).
• They are typically found in apartment blocks, retirement villages, caravan parks and shopping centres.
• They are on the increase with a range of business models being introduced on to the retail market.

AEMC Final Report on the regulation of embedded networks

Consistent with the AER’s submission to the AEMC review, the AEMC found the existing regulatory framework is not fit for purpose.

“However, the current regulatory arrangements for embedded networks are resulting in some customers not being able to access competitive prices or important consumer protections. There are also insufficient monitoring and enforcement powers for the Australian Energy Regulator (AER), leading to a lack of clarity that embedded network operators are meeting their obligations as suppliers of an essential service. While some embedded networks are providing benefits to energy consumers they may not receive in a standard supply arrangement, often they do not.,,


• If implemented, the AEMC recommendations will effectively take an axe to the existing regulation of embedded networks, redefining a sector of the energy market that is growing in importance and prevalence.
• The changes discussed are focused on NECF jurisdictions (NSW, QLD, SA, ACT and Tas).
• When considering the recommendations it is important to distinguish between those that apply to retail exemptions and those that apply to network exemptions.
• The recommendations are discussed under three main headings.

The electricity network service provider exemption guideline (Draft) (AER)

On 17 November 2017, the AER published Version 6 of the Electricity Network Service Provider Exemption Guideline (draft). The AER is seeking submissions on the draft. This new draft guideline should be read by all existing exempt operators.

The new draft guideline goes into further detail about microgrids and local energy sales:

“The AER is supportive of the concepts of microgrids and private trading but we caution there are significant regulatory hurdles which must be overcome before a microgrid or private selling of excess electricity can be implemented. We will work with proponents to develop models that respect and enhance the rights of customers to access new energy options but our ability to facilitate microgrids is limited by the constraints of the current regulatory framework”

embedded network exemptions

5 Key Questions

1. What is the headline for existing embedded network operators?
2. Why are changes being made?
3. Will we need to obtain a retail authorisation?
4. How do I obtain a retail authorisation?
5. Will existing embedded networks, and embedded network operators, be grandfathered?

What is the headline for existing embedded network operators?

Under the proposed regime new Embedded Network Operators (ENO) will need to obtain an authorisation rather than rely on an exemption.
The authorisation will not be the same as for an authorised retailer but it will include additional requirements that are not currently imposed on the holder of an exemption.

Why are changes being made?

The AEMC is dissatisfied with the existing regulatory framework:

“The Commission does not see retaining the current framework as an option…”.
The AEMC wants to increase the customer protections available to customers of an embedded network.

At the same time, the AER is introducing new dispute resolution obligations which apply to exempt sellers.

Will we need to obtain a retail authorisation?

Once the recommendations are implemented there will be a very narrow range of activities that can be conducted under an exemption.

Existing operators, such as managers of residential parks will not be included as an exemption category in either the network service provider exemption framework or exempt seller framework. Even community energy projects will be excluded from the exempt seller framework.

Activities which continue to be covered by an exemption

“However, the Commission considers that an energy selling exemption framework remains necessary to address circumstances where:
• the costs of retail authorisation and facilitating retail competition would outweigh the benefits to customers, and
• the need for regulatory oversight is low.

The Commission recommends amending the exemption framework by removing the detailed seller factors and customer factors from the NERL and providing the AER the power to exempt persons, or classes of persons, from holding a retailer authorisation in accordance with the NERR. The Commission also recommends narrowing the exemption framework by including a set of factors the AER must take into account in exempting persons, or classes of persons, from holding a retailer authorisation.

How do I obtain a retail authorisation?

It is proposed that the Australian Energy Regulator be given broader power to reduce the regulatory burden on authorised retailers who only supply electricity within embedded networks by the establishment of a new ‘category’ of retailer authorisation. However, it is unlikely that the AER would exempt (for need of a better word) new authorised retailers from any of the consumer protection provisions within the rules and retail law.

The AER requires that applicants for a retailer authorization meet a number of requirements as set out under the Retail Law. The AER must be satisfied that an applicant has the capacity to meet their obligations as an Energy Retailer under the Retail Law and Rules.

The AER must be satisfied that an applicant;

• has the necessary organisational and technical capacity to operate as a retailer;
• has the financial resources, or access to resources, to operate as a retailer; and
• Is a suitable person to hold a retailer authorisation.
• Your application will need to demonstrate the above.

The assessment by the AER is conducted at the point in time that an application is made. The application itself consists of a range of documents including a hardship policy, complaints management procedure, and compliance plan.

Point of difference

Authorised retailers who operate solely within embedded networks will not need to be a market participant and register with AEMO (providing they are sourcing electricity at the gate meter from a market participant retailer). This means that the prudential requirements will be less onerous. Nonetheless, the operational and compliance costs of running an authorised retailer are significant. Systems used for customer management, billing and operations will need to be fully compliant with the application provisions of the rules and retail law.

Will existing embedded networks, and embedded network operators, be grandfathered?

The separation of ‘new’ from ‘legacy’ embedded networks raises the obvious concern that the existing two-tier regulatory regime is evolving into a four-tier regime. This, in turn, raises the question about whether ‘legacy’ embedded networks can continue forever or will need to convert to the regime applicable to ‘new’ embedded networks.

Of course, when a property is sold, the exemption which applies cannot be transferred so the new ENO would need to apply under the new system.

As part of the review, the AEMC engaged Minter Ellison to “Review and advise in connection with the implementation of the recommendations in its Draft Report ‘Review of regulatory arrangements for embedded networks’ dated 12 September 2017.”

Minter Ellison identified that the draft report did not:

“show an intention that there should be any element of retrospectivity in relation to existing exemptions.”

Minter Ellison identified six options for either grandfathering existing embedded networks and embedded network operators or move them to the new regulatory regime.

In our view, the options open to the AEMC include recommendations to:

i. preserve all existing exemptions indefinitely, on their current terms and conditions;
ii. provide that existing exemptions only apply until such time as there are substantial changes to the network;
iii. Preserve each existing exemption until such time as the premises to which they relate are sold. We note that under the NERL. while authorisations are transferable, exemptions are not;
iv. Deem pre-existing individual and registrable exemptions to be authorisations for the premises to which they relate on the conditions on which they have been granted. Such mechanism could either:
A. require the previously exempt retailer to comply with the conditions attaching to the exemption as if they were contained in an authority; or
B. require the previously exempt retailer to comply with exemption conditions and the obligations of an Off-market retailer under the NERL and NERR;
v. give the holders of exemptions a certain time in which to elect to convert their exemptions to authorisations; and
vi. require the holders of deemed exemptions to notify the AER of the existence of their deemed exemptions within a certain time frame, in order to maintain them.

Preferred options

“In our view, given that one of the dominant themes of the Draft Report is the lack of information available to the AER about the extent and number of deemed exemptions, we are attracted to option (vi). We also consider there is some merit in further exploring options (iii) and (iv)”.


Whatever framework the AER decides to implement, the one certain thing is that Embedded Network Operators will be subject to more regulation. This means that if you are currently an ENO operating under an exemption you will need to be vigilant about keeping up to date with the proposed changes.

We are here to help with embedded network advice

• Compliance Quarter provides regular updates on what is happening in the energy regulation space. Check out our news stories on our website here.
• Alternatively, give Connor James a call to discuss your questions or issues or email us here.


Consultation on draft exempt embedded network guidelines (part two): what is a ‘dedicated connection asset’?

Consultation on draft exempt embedded network guidelines (part two): what is a ‘dedicated connection asset’?

AU Energy Compliance

Last week we looked at some of the proposals contained in the draft electricity network service provider registration exemption guideline (draft guideline) (see Today we continue that discussion, looking at the changes in that draft guideline that relate to the National Electricity Amendment (Transmission Connection and Planning Arrangements) Final Rule Determination (the rule change).

In today’s article, we address the new concept of a ‘dedicated connection asset’ and the exemptions that have been proposed for any business that owns or controls those assets.

embedded network guideline
Photo by Oliver Wendel on Unsplash
By Dr Drew Donnelly, Compliance Quarter.

What is a dedicated connection asset?

When we think about an embedded network, we often think of private wiring systems connecting a group of customers to the local electricity network at a single point. These are the sorts of embedded networks we find in apartment complexes, retirement homes, caravan parks and shopping malls. But the regulatory definition is broader than that. Chapter 10 of the National Electricity Rules defines an embedded network as a:

A distribution system, connected at a parent connection point to either a distribution system or transmission system that forms part of the national grid, and which is owned, controlled or operated by a person who is not a Network Service Provider.

This broad definition means, for example, that power lines owned by a generator which connect a generator to a transmission network through a substation are an ‘embedded network’. Likewise, for power lines connecting large energy users (‘loads’) directly to the transmission network, through a substation.

This raises the question as to whether these assets should be dealt with in the same way as traditional embedded networks, through the network exemption regime. Through the rule change and the subsequent draft embedded network guideline, it has been proposed that new exemption classes for ‘dedicated connection assets’ (DCAs) be created to address this issue. These are defined as:

the collection of components that are used to connect a connecting party to the shared transmission network and which, once commissioned, can be isolated from electricity flows on the transmission network.

Draft Embedded Network Guideline

Although a DCA facilitates a connection to the transmission network, it was considered unnecessary to require DCA service providers to register as a Transmission Network Service Provider. Instead, it was left to Australian Energy Regulator (AER) to deal with DCAs in its network exemption regime. It is for this reason that two new categories of exemption have been proposed in the draft guideline.

Under the draft embedded network guideline, there are two new classes of exemption depending on whether the business operates a ‘large’ DCA or a ‘small’ DCA. A large DCA includes a component that is longer than 30km, and a small LDCA is one where no component is that long.

Any business that supplies energy to a small DCA is eligible for a deemed exemption (exemption class ND08). That is, an exemption that applies automatically to certain classes of people or businesses. A business that supplies energy to a large DCA is eligible for a registrable exemption (exemption class NR06). That is, an exemption that must be registered with the AER.

As part of their exemption, both small and large DCAs are subject to a range of exemption conditions (just as is the case with traditional embedded networks). Important new conditions for an NRO6 exemption (large DCA) is the obligation to create an access policy, and the obligation to comply with commercial arbitration obligations in the event of an access dispute.

To read the draft guideline go to

Any feedback is due by 15 January 2018.

For more of our recent articles and analysis within the Australian energy sector click here.

Embedded Network Operators take note: A new General Exemption Order in Victoria

Embedded Network Operators take note: A new General Exemption Order in Victoria

AU Energy Compliance

The sale of electricity in Victoria is regulated by the Electricity Industry Act 2000 (VIC).  Sellers must either operate under a licence or an exemption. Most embedded network operators (ENOs) in Victoria operate under a General Exemption Order (‘GEO’) that exempts them from the requirement to hold a licence.

On 15 November 2017, a GEO under section 17 of the Electricity Industry Act 2000 (VIC) was published in the Victorian Government Gazette. The new GEO implements recommendations from the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning, whose final report was published in August 2017.

The new GEO will come into effect from 1 April 2018 (clause 11 will come into effect on 11 July 2018).

general exemption order
Photo by Samuel Zeller on Unsplash
By Connor James, Compliance Quarter. 

The new General Exemption Order:

  1. sets out exemption categories;
  2. includes an obligation to obtain explicit informed consent; and
  3. includes mechanisms to restrict the pricing charged by ENOs in Victoria.

The new GEO represents a significant challenge for Victorian ENOs and a departure from the recommendations by the AEMC.

Why are embedded networks important?

Embedded networks allow for ‘behind the (gate) meter’ innovation that can result in embedded generation, greater network stability, and lower pricing. Electricity is purchased in bulk at the gate meter and can then be on-sold to individual occupants within an embedded network at a rate that is lower than those end users would have been able to purchase directly from the ‘grid.’

The various benefits of embedded networks were recognised by the AEMC in its review of the regulation of embedded networks.  The AEMC found that the existing regulation of embedded networks was not ‘fit for purpose.’

Exemption Categories

The new GEO introduces exemption categories. Generally, these reflect the framework in place in NECF jurisdictions, soon to be overhauled.

Relevant retail exemption categories are extracted below (note that there are additional conditions that apply to each):

general exemption order

general exemption order

Similar categories apply in the exemption from the requirement to obtain a distribution licence.

The extensive amendments coming into effect in NECF jurisdictions will ensure the challenge of continued compliance with multiple, ambiguous, and inconsistent Victorian obligations continue.

Explicit Informed Consent

A condition of an exemption under the GEO will be that ENOs obtain the explicit informed consent of customers to an arrangement for the sale of electricity.

Explicit informed consent means consent is given by a customer where:

(a) the ENO, or a person acting on behalf of the ENO, has clearly, fully and adequately disclosed, in plain English, all matters relevant to the consent of the customer, including each specific purpose or use of the consent; and

(b) the customer gives the consent to the arrangement or transaction,

(i) in writing, signed by the customer; or

(ii) verbally, if the verbal consent is evidenced in a way that it can be verified and recorded; or

(iii) by electronic communication generated by the customer.

There are practical difficulties in complying with this obligation. It is very common for electricity to continue to be connected to a site after a known customer moves out and an unknown customer moves in. If electricity continues to be supplied, and payment required, an agreement (deemed) is in effect.  Without the explicit informed consent of the new occupant, it is unclear how an ENO could possibly comply with the above obligation for deemed supply agreements.

Pricing Regulation

Under the new GEO, pricing for embedded networks supplied by an exempt operator will be regulated.  This was anticipated in the Department’s draft and final position papers:

The Department will task with ESC with formulating a new price cap benchmark based on commercial market data.

This would better approximate a fair price for electricity and restrict the potential for exempt sellers to earn monopoly profits on electricity sales. Currently, the ESC publishes an annual schedule which prescribes the maximum charges that an embedded network operator may charge its customers. The ESC will continue to annually publish the applicable rates on its website.

The mechanism by which the ESC will determine the price cap is unclear. The new GEO simply requires that the ESC “must have regard to commercial market data in formulating a maximum price.”

If you would like to read other recent articles on the subject of embedded networks please click here.

If you would like to discuss embedded networks, including the impact of the new GEO, please contact us by email to